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Special Exhibitions Buddha in abhaya-mudra
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Permanent Exhibition
SICY        Updated:2007-02-07      Text:Large /  Medium  /  Small  
Buddha in abhaya-mudra
5th Century A.D
92.9 x 51.1 x 18.3 cm
Acc No. 347
The present image of the Buddha is one of the classicalexamples of art created at Sarnath.   Lord Buddhadelivered the first sermon at this place which emerged as centre oflearning and creative art which gave rise to classicaltraditions.   The Buddha images from Sarnath are knownfor their deliberate emphasis on the inner realm of spiritualityclubbed with transcendentalbliss.       The Sarnath art isrecognized for achieving plasticity in stone by creating smooth,elongated, slender, graceful body forms imbued with life andrefined execution of the details of the halos, robes, andfaces.   The stone for the art activity was quarried fromChunar, located in the vicinity of Sarnath.  
Image of Buddha stands here with the right knee little flexed,hence his graceful body indicate movement with desired bent ofexquisite workmanship, the image of Buddha, with serene facialappearance, is attired in an antarvasa and anuttarasanga. The wet treatment of the drapery clinging tohis body reveals smooth body contour.     Thehead and the ushnisha covered by short spiral curls, thedown cast eyes, auspicious lines round the neck, elongatedear–lobes adds to the eternal charm of the Buddha.   Thedamaged right and left forearms seems to have been in theabhaya-mudra and holding the hem of hisuttarasanga respectively. The knees are characteristicallydemarcated by circular incisions.