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sicy        Updated:2007-02-14      Text:Large /  Medium  /  Small  

  

Jambhala
Ratnagiri,
9th –10th CenturyA.D.
Stone
67.3 x 42 x 12 cm
Acc No. 35  
  
  
Seated in the lalitasana attitude on a double-petalledlotus, the two-armed and pot-bellied (lambodara) Jambhala,with a circular mark on the left sole, holds in his right hand,placed in the varada-mudra against his knee, amatulunga. His left hand is placed on a mongoose disgorgingpearls.     Clad in an antariya with afolded part spread on the seat, he is adorned with plain roundedanklets, an udara-bandha, thick valayas (one aroundeach wrist) with a central floral piece, beaded armlets with anornate triangular projection, a necklace with a flower-shapedcentral piece, a garland having utpalas or champakasat intervals, large ear-studs and a high conical mukuta. Onthe mukuta are six seated figures --- five Dhyani-Buddhas intheir characteristic mudras and a sixth figure(Namasangiti?) in the vajra-paryankasana attitude with handsin the mudra of kshepana.   There is araised circular mark on the forehead.   Coiled locks ofhair fall on the shoulders. Over the head is spread an umbrella. Oneither side of the head is a female figure rushing through clouds,the one on the dexter carrying a pot and the other on the sinistera banner.   The back- slab has a central upwardprojection at the top.
  
Below the seat are four nidhi-kumbhas; the one belowhis right foot is fallen on its side and from it have issuedseveral nidhis.       Alsobelow the seat are two seated figures, the one on the dexterholding a bowl of fire (?) and the other on the sinister a bowl ofoffering (?).
  
On the back side of the sculpture is incised a mandaladiagram which successively contains two concentric circles at thecentre, the rough outline of an eight-petalled lotus beyond thecircles and two more larger concentric circles.   Betweenthe last pair of circles are depicted seventeenlotus-petals.   On the top of the diagram is the Buddhistcreed inscribed in characters of the ninth-tenth century A.D andbordered by an oblong.     Above this is aninscription, recording a mantra, the text of which is om a humsvaha. At the centre of the innermost circle is the inscribedletter Jam, and around the edge the inscription reads omJambhala-Jalendr[a]ya svaha. Between the innermost circle andthe next outer circle is an inscription, the text of which is omVasudhare madavasu-vrishtimipatini vasu svaha.
  
Beyond this circle and enclosed by rough outlines of eightpetals of the lotus are eight inscriptions, all in two lines except(vi) and (viii), which are each in three lines. These inscriptionsread clockwise as follows:
  


  

(i)                                om Purnbhadriya svaha;
(ii)                            om Chilikundali svaha;
(iii)                        om Vaisrama(va)naya svaha;
(iv)                        om Kelimali svaha;
(v)                            om Danadaya svaha;  
(vi)                        om Jambhala-Mukhendraya svaha;
(vii)                    Om Manibhadraya svaha; and
(viii)                    Om Jambhala Charanendra svaha.