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Manjushri
Udayagiri,
7th –8th CenturyA.D
Khondalite
64 x 44 x 22 cm
Acc No. 360/1986-87
  
Bodhisattva Manjusri confers wisdom, retentive memory,intelligence and eloquence to the worshippers.   He findsreference in the Sukhavati-Vhuya or theAmitayusa-Sutra, besides in the accounts of Chinesetravelers.     He has been associated withDhyani Buddha Amitabha andAkshobhya.   In his simplest form Manjushricarries a sword in his right hand and the manuscript in theleft.  
  
This image was unearthed in the course of excavations at thevestibule of a Buddhist shrine.   Manjushri is draped ina short dhoti, held by a band with flower-shaped clasp, and adornedwith beaded anklets, a beaded necklace studded with pendants, threestringed beaded upavita, beaded bangles, beaded armlets withornate projections, elaborate patra-kundalas and ashort mukuta with three ornate projections at the base ofthe bun-shaped coiffure tied by a cord.     Heis seated in lalitasana attitude over a footed pedestal withhis hanging right foot resting on a smaller lotus.   Withhalf closed eyes, his hands are seen against the chest in thedharmachakra-mudra, which is an unusual hand gestureassociated with Manjushri.     The manuscriptas an attribute is perched on the lotus while its stalk is seenemerging from the left hand.     To the leftand right side of the elongated halo can be seen, DhyaniBuddha Akshobhya in the vajra-paryankasa showingdhyana and Amitabha in the earth-touching attitude with his righthand.    
  
The pedestal bears foliage motif.   There are twocouchant lions in juxtaposed position on either end of thepedestal.