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White Jade Disc Bi With Carved Dragon Pattern
This white jade disc (bi) with a carved dragon pattern dates from the late Western Zhou period. Its outer diameter is 19.1 cm, the inner diameter is 7.3 cm, and it is 0.55 cm thick. It was discovered in 1991 from the tomb of Guo Zhong, No. M2009 in the State of Guo cemetery in Shangcunling, Sanmenxia, and is housed by the Guo State Museum in Sanmenxia.
In the history of mankind, Chinese civilization has been shining for its uniqueness, and continuing to this very day with vigor and vitality. Being a prominent birthplace of Chinese civilization ....>>Details
Name:Li Qingli
About the Writer: Vice-director of Museum of Guo State in Sanmenxia city, she is engaged in exhibition and collection management, and research on museology and the culture of the Guo State.
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Crafted from high-quality Hetian white jade, this white jade disc had lain on the shroud in the tomb of Guo Zhong. The white disc has a slightly greenish color and glistens with clarity and warmth. It is almost a perfect circle and is otherwise regularly-shaped. Both sides are engraved with modified and stylized dragon patterns, with smooth, flowing lines that reflect superior craftsmanship.

Guo Zhong once reigned over the state of Guo. His tomb yielded 1,050 pieces of jade artifacts, making it another pre-Qin Dynasty tomb with a large collection of high-quality jade artifacts after the discovery of Fu Hao’s tomb in Yinxu, Anyang. This disc is notable not only for its fine texture and regular form, but also for its beautiful and well-crafted engravings. It is an uncommonly handsome specimen of pre-Qin jade handiwork.

A premium type of Hetian jade, white jade has a smooth, hard texture and a glowing translucence. Its creaminess has earned it the name of “mutton-fat white jade.” In The Book of Rites: Yuzao, it was written that “the king wears white jade and a black ribbon, while aristocrats wear shanxuan jade and a vermilion ribbon.” It is apparent that people in ancient times wore jades and ribbons of different colors in accordance with their status. Before the Qin Dynasty, the fact that the king wore white jade showed the existence of a strict hierarchy. Although Guo Zhong was only a feudal lord of the state of Guo under the Zhou Dynasty, he possessed a white jade disc with dragon patterns. According to the archaeologists who found the disc, this jade disc was probably made by the jade workshop of the Zhou king’s court and might have been a gift from the Zhou king to Guo Zhong.