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Celadon Jade Human Head
Source: Henan Museum Edit: acf Time: 2022.03.17 15:57:17

Measurements:Height 3.8 cm, Width 2.5 cm
Period: Spring and Autumn Period (770--476 BCE)
Provenance: Unearthed from the mausoleum of the couple of the King Meng of Huang State at Baoxiangxi, Guangshan county, Henan, 1983

Made of celadon jade, with russet inclusions. It was carved in the round in the front side, with stylized “Chen-like” carvings for the eyes, and a high nose, slightly opened mouth, long neck, two ears with rings, and a cap with pendant brims on two sides, as well as a vertical aperture in the middle from the cap to the neck for wearing thread.

The mausoleum is the burials for the King Meng of the Huang state and his wife. Huang state was a small one with “Ying” as the family name of the royal house in Zhou dynasty. Totally, the tomb yielded 185 jade articles which are characterized by diverse categories, they were made for different purposes, such as for rituals, decorations, funerals, etc., showing the distinctiveness of not only the Central Plains in the North China, but also the Chu Culture in the South China. Being a small state, it is rare in the archaeology on the Eastern Zhou in the valley of the Huai River that so many exquisite jade articles were uncovered from the tomb of the king of the small state, which fully reflect the advanced jade carving craftsmanship and the living standards of the elites of the Huang state at the time.

In the pre-Qin period, human-shaped jade articles were mystic in shape and full of mysteries. They were normally created for religious ceremonies and burials, and they carried the early spiritual civilization of human beings and reflected the spiritual worship of the ancestors, thus are of profound historic significance and cultural values.