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Jade Tiger-shaped Seated Human Figure
Source: Henan Museum Edit: acf Time: 2022.03.17 15:50:22


Measurements: Height. 5 cm, Width. 2.5 cm, Thickness. 2.8 cm
Period: Western Zhou (1046--771 BCE)
Provenance: unearthed from the Changzikou tomb at Taiqing Palace in Luyi county in 1997

Overall in a yellowish green tone, brown speckles on the top, somewhat translucent. In a whole, it was carved in the round into a unique form. Looking from the front side, it is a seated tiger-headed human, but it looks like an owl from the back view. View from the front side, the tiger has its head raised high, mouth open wide, exposing its sharp teeth, demonstrating ferociousness. Underneath the tiger head is the seated anthropomorphous body, with hands on his knees. View from the back side, its back was created into the body of the owl, his two arms were the wings of the bird, and his two feet were the paws of the owl. Its beak raised high, gazing at the front. There is a hole between the feet, which is for the wearing thread. In this object, tiger head, human body, and owl were ingeniously integrated together as one, exhibiting the wisdom and craftsmanship of the artisans.

This object fully embodies the brilliant art of jade carving in the early Western Zhou period, thereby it is a precious reference for studying the sitting posture and costume of the Zhou people, and it is of great historic and artistic values.

The tomb occupant of the Changzikou tomb was identified as the king of the Chang state of the late Shang and early Zhou period. Being the largest Shang-Zhou tomb in the Yellow River and Huai River valleys, this tomb is also the best preserved, with the richest burial goods unearthed among the mausoleums of the late Shang and early Zhou period.